It is important to maintain eye health to avoid various eye health problems, such as glaucoma, eye infections, and even blindness. There are various steps to maintaining eye health, both by having regular eye examinations at the doctor and by adopting a healthy lifestyle.
Every activity carried out daily cannot be separated from the role of the eyes as the sense of sight. Even though its function can decrease as you get older, you can still do various ways to maintain eye health, so you can reduce the risk and prevent various eye diseases.
How to Maintain Eye Health
The function of the eye is very important for humans. Therefore, it is important to maintain eye health. So, here are some ways you can maintain eye health:
1. Have your eyes checked regularly
Everyone, from children to the elderly, is recommended to have their eyes checked regularly at least once every 2 years. Adults who are over 40 years old are even advised to have their eyes checked once a year.
This aims to prevent eye diseases related to increasing age, such as macular degeneration, glaucoma and cataracts.
Through eye examinations, doctors can monitor eye conditions and detect eye problems due to certain diseases, such as diabetes and high blood pressure.
Apart from that, this method of maintaining eye health is also important if you have a history of inherited eye disease. In this way, handling steps can be carried out quickly and precisely.
2. Consume nutritious food
To maintain eye health, you are advised to consume nutritious foods that are rich in vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin E, lutein, selenium and omega-3 fatty acids.
Some of the nutrients above are known to ward off age-related eye problems, such as cataracts and macular degeneration. You can get these various nutrients as a way to maintain eye health by consuming green vegetables, fish, eggs, nuts and oranges.
3. Avoid using your device for too long
Staring at a computer or smartphone screen for too long can cause eye fatigue. Symptoms can include headaches, neck pain, shoulder and back pain, dry eyes, and blurred vision.
If you work at a computer all day, give your eyes a break by looking away for 20 seconds every 20 minutes. You are also advised to rest your eyes for 15 minutes every 2 hours.
If your eyes feel dry, you can also maintain eye health by blinking frequently or using eye drops.
4. Avoid exposure to ultraviolet light
Not only skin, eyes also need to be protected from the harmful effects of ultraviolet rays. This is because eyes that are too frequently exposed to ultraviolet light are more at risk of developing cataracts, macular degeneration, pinguecula, and even eye cancer.
Therefore, as a way to maintain eye health, you are advised to wear sunglasses that can protect your eyes from UVA and UVB rays or wear a wide-brimmed hat when doing activities during the day.
5. Stop smoking
Smoking can increase the risk of cataracts, macular degeneration and optic nerve damage which can cause blindness in one or both eyes. Therefore, if you are an active smoker, stop smoking from now on to maintain your health.
6. Be careful when using make up
Make-up in the form of liquids or creams is generally susceptible to becoming a place for bacterial growth if its use is not hygienic. Therefore, make sure to always use a clean, washed brush every time you use it.
If there is a change in color, texture or smell, do not use the make up. Also avoid sharing makeup tools with each other.
Apart from that, make sure to wash your face thoroughly before and after wearing make up. If you experience eye irritation or infection when wearing make-up, remove the make-up and consult a doctor immediately.
7. Exercise regularly
A study reveals that regular exercise can reduce the risk of eye disease, and even reduce the risk of vision loss. Regular exercise will maintain a healthy heart and blood vessels so as to avoid high blood pressure, diabetes and high cholesterol, which are several risk factors for eye disease.
Therefore, as a way to maintain eye health, do regular exercise for at least 30 minutes per day. That way, your body health, including your eyes, is maintained.
How to maintain eye health can also be done by not ignoring various problems that arise or are felt in the eyes. However, if eye complaints persist or your eyes feel painful, the area around your eyes looks red, and causes your vision to be disturbed, don’t hesitate to immediately have your eyes checked by a doctor.